Moss survey protocol

Since the late 1960s, mosses have been used as biomonitors of atmospheric deposition of heavy metals in the Nordic Countries.  From 1990 onwards, the European heavy metals in mosses survey has been conducted every five years.  In 2005, the total nitrogen concentration in mosses was also determined for the first time. In 2010, a pilot study for persistent organic pollutants (POPs) was included and we encourage more countries to include POPs in the 2015 survey. Mosses are sampled according to a standardised protocol. The next European moss survey will take place in 2015/16 and the manual for sampling mosses and the spreadsheet for submitting data can be downloaded here. From 2014 onwards the Moss Survey Coordination Centre is at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna, Russian Federation. The new Moss Survey Coordination Centre is also keen to assess the suitability of mosses as biomonitors of radionuclides. For further details or queries regarding the 2015/16 moss survey, please contact Marina Frontasyeva (