Copyright, terms and Disclaimer


We wish to thank the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra ) for funding the coordination, data collection and modelling costs of the ICP Vegetation (Defra project code AQ0846 and previous projects). This site is hosted by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology on behalf of the ICP Vegetation.

Photos for the website were taken by:

Harald Zechmeister, Felicity Hayes, Katrina Sharps, Daniel Hauck, Norbert Schnyder, Vicent Calatayud, Innes et al., 2001 and Michael Frei. 

Further photo acknowledgements can be found on the Ozone Injury Example pages.

Terms and Conditions

The Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) is a wholly owned Research Centre of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC - referred to as “We” below). In entering this website you as a user ("You") are accepting our terms and conditions.

Using the ICP Vegetation Website

The ICP Vegetation website is maintained for your personal use and viewing. The access and use of the ICP Vegetation website featuring these terms and conditions constitutes your acceptance of these terms and conditions. They take effect from the date on which you first use this website.

You agree to use this site only for lawful purposes, and in a manner that does not infringe the rights of, or restrict or inhibit the use and enjoyment of this site by any third party. Such restriction or inhibition includes, without limitation, conduct which is unlawful, or which may harass or cause distress or inconvenience to any person, and the transmission of obscene or offensive content or disruption of normal flow of dialogue within this site.

Information collected by us is used for internal review to:

  • Improve the content of the ICP Vegetation website;
  • Customise the content and/or layout of the ICP Vegetation website.

Information collected may be shared with members of the International Cooperative Programme on Effects of Air Pollution on Natural Vegetation and Crops (ICP Vegetation).

Linking to the ICP Vegetation Website

The ICP Vegetation website welcomes and encourages other websites to link to the information that is hosted on these pages. You do not have to ask permission to link but we can provide wording and linking graphics.

Links From This Site

Links from this site are not endorsed by CEH or NERC or any member of the ICP Vegetation.

Links and frames connecting this site with other sites are for convenience only and do not mean that either CEH, NERC or any member of the ICP Vegetation endorses or approves those other sites, their content or the people who run them.

It is the responsibility of the Internet user to make their own decisions about the accuracy, currency, reliability and correctness of information found at sites linked from this website.

Virus Protection

It is always wise for you to run an anti-virus program on all material downloaded from the internet.

We cannot accept any responsibility for any loss, disruption or damage to your data or your computer system which may occur whilst using material derived from this website.

Information At This Site

  • Purpose of the site: to exchange knowledge on research on the impacts of air pollution on vegetation as conducted under the ICP Vegetation;
  • Is subject to the usual uncertainties of research;
  • Is subject to change without notice;
  • Should never be relied on as the basis for doing or failing to do something.


All information provided by CEH, NERC, Defra (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) and the ICP Vegetation on these webpages is made available to provide immediate access for the convenience of interested persons.

While the ICP Vegetation, CEH, NERC and Defra believe the information to be reliable, human or mechanical error remains a possibility. Therefore, neither the ICP Vegetation, CEH, NERC nor Defra guarantees the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, or correct sequencing of the information.

Neither CEH, NERC, the ICP Vegetation nor any of the sources of the information shall be responsible for any errors or omissions, or for the use of or results obtained from the use of this information.

Copyright Statement

By visiting this website and using the information available, you agree to the following:

Copyright of the material, including images, available at this site is owned by Defra and is subject to Crown Copyright. All rights reserved.

Visitors to the site may use information in the ways described in this legal notice:

  • You may download or print a single copy of copyright material for research or personal use;
  • You must not change any of the material or remove any part of any copyright notice;
  • No information contained on the site may be used for commercial purposes, unless Defra on behalf of the Crown has given its prior written permission.

Further Information

Further information, requests and enquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed in writing to: Dr Harry Harmens